Space telescopes such as the Hubble Space Telescope and the Spitzer Space Telescope have allowed us to capture views of galaxies and nebulas far away from our own solar system. It was not the first space telescope but it is one of the largest and most versatile, well known both as a vital research tool and as a public relations boon for astronomy. our Sun and its planets ), are excluded; see List of Solar System probes for these, and List of Earth observation satellites for missions targeting our planet . No atmospheric abberation, no light pollution, etc. Telescopes may also be classified by location: ground telescope, space telescope, or flying telescope. Missions with specific targets within the Solar System (e.g. The Hubble Space Telescope helps scientists understand how planets and galaxies form. Putting a telescope into space has many advantages over Earth-bound telescopes. This image of the Crab Nebula was created with information from the Hubble Space Telescope, the Spitzer Space Telescope, the Chandra X-ray Observatory, European Space Agency's XMM … Our top picks include recommendations for city dwellers and hobbyists as well as budget picks. Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! Space telescopes that collect particles, such as cosmic ray nuclei and/or electrons, as well as instruments that aim to detect gravitational waves, are also listed. The Hubble Space Telescope (often referred to as HST or Hubble) is a space telescope that was launched into low Earth orbit in 1990 and remains in operation. Advantages: Space telescopes orbit above Earth's atmosphere and thus produce clearer images than Earth-based telescopes Disadvantages: more expensive, harder to repair. No atmospheric abberation, no light pollution, etc. Here are the best telescopes for the money. There aren't many disadvantages, but there are a few. A vehicle or permanent campus containing one or more telescopes or other instruments is called an observatory. The Hubble Space Telescope helps scientists understand the universe and how planets, stars and galaxies form. They may also be classified by whether they are operated by professional astronomers or amateur astronomers. And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: community@space.com.