Join our Space Forums to keep talking space on the latest missions, night sky and more! In out paper, we are going to identify and discuss a couple of challenges that – in our opinion – will be a domain of every human deep-space program. These challenges are designed to initiate thought and discussion among our nation’s innovators about future NASA missions and related national needs. The challenges are centered on three key themes: (1) Expand human presence in space, (2) Manage in-space resources, and (3) Enable transformational space exploration and scientific discovery. Despite this stagnation, there are serious plans to launch manned mission to Mars including human space settlement. And if you have a news tip, correction or comment, let us know at: