Still, it’s amusing to look back. Once Erwin caught Levi and his friends stealing and compelled them to join the Scouts. Erwin Rommel was a German army officer who rose to the rank of Field Marshal. If you know why please answer it specifically and don't answer if you have a pointless answer for me. However the biggest surprise here was that the preview for “Kui Naki Sentaku (A Choice With No Regrets” visual novel, included a Blu-ray volume 3 and to be released 18th of September in Japan, has the reason why Levi originally joined the Survey Corps! At the end of the manga, Furlan and Isabel died to the titans. The author of the manga, Hajime Isayama, stated in a past interview that he had originally planned to eventually kill off every character in the series. Why do you want to harm and Levi and all my friends? So it seems that Levi joined the Survey Corps/Scouts in order to somehow kill Irvin when he feels whatever he’s done wrong and that it’s the right time to get some kind of revenge. Still, it was not always this way between the two of them. Levi: “Yeah, the reason why I joined the Survey Corps is ……”. Erwin glanced up at him, his blue-eyed gaze unreadable. Copyright 2020 ComicBook.com. Oh I love your yandere Erwin headcannon if its not to much to ask can you please do a oneshot on how he met his darling an how he decided that she is the one for one Aw thank you ️ Gonna direct you to these HCs for a meet cute between Erwin and his military police darling :’) "To have Erwin perish during that point was pre-planned," Isayama said. Sui Feng’s Perfect Shunko! Levi: “Irvin, so that I can kill you.” So it seems that Levi joined the Survey Corps/Scouts in order to somehow kill Irvin when he feels whatever he’s done wrong and that it’s the right time to get some kind of revenge. All rights reserved. Erwin jumped a bit at my yelling. Spoiler Free Review: Worst. he himself stated that he didn’t know what he would do after he accomplished his dream, and so even if levi gave him the injection, he wouldn’t have any motivation to continue after visiting the basement. After a scuffle with Eren and Mikasa, Levi is about to give Erwin the serum when he remembers Erwin's desire to give up his dreams and die with the recruits killed earlier. Even he tried vowing to kill him if the chance arose. I don't know why. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Daily Anime Art with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. Not a lot of people asked themselves this question. Maybe Erwin stole 8 inches of Levi's height hence why Levi wants to kill him, to regain the height that he was born to have. This reason will need a lot of other proof and why Levi really wants to kill Irvin. He joined the Survey Corps due to these two reasons. Also, why would Isayama Hajime allow something like this, if it was true, to be revealed in a visual novel rather than his own manga? If Erwin was someone soft-hearted enough to compromise battle strategy, I wouldn’t follow him. Erwin POV. Losing everything, Levi decided that it was time to kill Erwin, now blaming him for the deaths of his comrades. "Perhaps Erwin was enslaved by his 'dream.' By Cameron Bonomolo (SPOILER) The reason why Levi and his friends joined the Survey Corps was because, one, he was forced to, and two, he was asked to steal these certain documents from Erwin and kill him afterwards by some guy who promised them something. Well the new spinoff manga “The Birth of Levi” aka the one they talk about above, is rumored that Isayama Hajime (actual spelling) is directly associated (not just owning the characters but may be helping) with the spinoff. 7 Answers. I see you’re point and it does seems unlikely, however after the anime and manga, I believe that this could be true. Unless Isayama Hajime says otherwise it would be silly to interpret this as anything else than non-canon material. Learn how your comment data is processed. I asked Mike for advice last night but I decided not to mention Levi because I'm unsure of what this is. Author has 191 answers and 401.8K answer views. When Levi was finally able to be alone with Kenny, he didn’t hold his emotions back. Levi Ackerman is quite small but terrible xd.Of course,It could be their Ackerman trait.Levi was created when Hajime Isayama was doodling a character(or not). Judging from Floch's rightful demand, choosing Erwin is equivalent to bringing someone back just to do everyone’s dirty work for them, i.e continue to be their "demon". Lv 7. Well,everyone’s going to kill me. However I think he genuinely cared about Levi until the end, he died peacefully and gave Levi a very valuable item. 'Attack On Titan' Creator Explains Why [SPOILER] Was Killed Off, New Joker Manga To Follow The Clown Prince Of Crime As A Parent, My Hero Academia: Why The War Arc's End Might Be A Disappointment. He changed his mind fairly quickly after he found out the documents were a fake and all his friends were dead. 2 lucky winners will get the chance to win some epic Kingsman gear by clicking here or the image above! ", "During that moment, I illustrated the panels while thinking, 'Everyone is a slave to something,'" Isayama shared. - Kaneki Ken, Tenten's Infinite Tsukuyomi - Naruto Shippuden 427 and 428, Natsu and Gajeel vs Sting and Rogue! And Levi…it sounded like he didn't want to kill Erwin at all. When the Uprising occurred within the walls, and he confronted Kenny again as an enemy, Levi sought to meet what couldn’t be satisfied previously. "Plus he's my captain. 1 decade ago. He focused most of his anger on Erwin, even vowing to kill him when the opportunity arose. J: You think so? For Erwin, Levi abandoning his rescue is also using death to release Erwin from his shackles.". Erwin is too pro to be killed by that midget, so it can’t be true (: Lool, That midget is one hell of a scout! However, Levi then threatened her right back that if she did that he'd tell the world about Jake's affair with Sarah. "Why did you want to kill Erwin? © Daily Anime Art, 2017. I couldn't right now. That and when I see the screenshots above it just seems highly unlikely overall considering the huge amount of respect and trust they have for each other (not to mention they don’t look anything like their manga/anime counterparts at all, Levi doesn’t look like Levi at all). And as long as he lives, he cannot find freedom from it - only in death is there liberation. Want to win a killer Kingsman: The Golden Circle prize pack? In the Attack on Titan Character Directory (transcribed by fuku-shuu on Tumblr), creator Hajime Isayama spoke at length on the decision to kill Erwin. Why did Erwin Rommel want to kill Adolf Hitler? Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. since he was small, he could fit just about anywhere.-”Levi, where are you?”-Erwin and Hanji settled in nicely. None of the art presented is the property of Daily Anime Art. As of now, I am a criminal running away from the law and I’m not surprised if they decided to put me on “The Wanted” list. -When Levi did come out, he normally hid under the bed or wherever there was a hiding spot. When he confronted him, Erwin told Levi that everything that happened was to win his fight against Lovof. During that moment, what he displayed to us was that wavering between fulfilling his 'dream' through the basement and the 'responsibility' of fighting the Beast Titan to the death. How Levi, on Erwin’s subtle signal, had knocked out the guards in his room. Posts about Erwin Smith written by thereviewmonster. There is a “myth” or legend which depicts Rommel as a chivalrous and noble military opponent who was not driven by political ideology. With a final word of encouragement, Levi leaves Hange to face her fate with a phrase uttered by so many before him. Hmm I see you’re point, its true that it’s not the original author, but there is no restriction in the original giving others a few spoilers to use. Every Scout has their reason to join, from nowhere else to go to revenge and killing of Titan’s. J: Next, we would like to invite commander Erwin for his interview. Orochimaru’s Plans – Naruto Shippuden 331, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), http://www.mangapark.com/manga/shingeki-no-kyojin-the-birth-of-levi, Is Gray Fullbuster Dead? His palm itched before flaring up into a burning pain, but he ignored it. LEVI FANGIRL . Erwin may have made Levi be less strict towards me because of the deal Erwin made with my dad and how I'm like the daughter he could never have but to be honest, I don't really know." Isayama adds that Levi understood Erwin's mindset, an understanding that arose from his interactions with Kenny: "The scene where Levi decided Erwin’s fate - he was influenced by his interactions with Kenny," Isayama noted. All characters and series are tm and © of their respective creators. ", "When I drew that scene, what I considered was 'the moment humans reveal their truest nature is when they have been pushed to the brink of death,'" Isayama said. Dragon Ball Super: How Does Seven-Three Fit Into the New Arc? was a member of the Military Police Brigade's First Interior Squad and the captain(隊長Taichō?) Spoiler Below! 1) iirc, Levi didn't know if they needed to have the whole serum injected or just a part, so risking it would potentially kill them both. Yo, hmm it’s not made by the real author yes, but it could still be true. Truth be told, Levi absolutely hated to be touched. ( Log Out /  "Look Krista, Levi is an emotionless prick." The episode probably gave us what has to be the most horrifying interpretation of the game in, well, ever. It would send shivers down his spine and anxiety through his bones. Doing the job he did, the anxiety was always there putting him in some kind … Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Levi, captain of the Special Operations Squad, decides against injecting Erwin with the titan serum, giving it to soldier Armin instead. The recent announcement of Attack On Titan spin-off comic which will run in Shojo manga magazine wasn’t fully understood by some fans as it will be done by Sunaaku Gan and Suruga Hikaru and no the original author of Attack on Titan, Isoyama Hajima. Attack on Titan Season 3 Part 2 EPISODE 6 ENG SUB HD 1080p - Duration: 4:44. Bazz-B Alive – Bleach 549, Sasuke Goes To War! I've never felt like this before. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Also click here to find out when Kingsman: The Golden Circle is playing near you and pre-order your tickets for your local Regal Cinema! And so he told her. cuz it’s not made by the original author. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Erwin bears an innocent motivation to 'seek the truth' and a need for atonement, since his actions had led to his father’s death. "Give me a day..." Erwin nodded and sat down again. His sword hoverd near Erwin's … When Erwin first caught Levi and his friends stealing and forced them to join the Scouts, Levi was less than thrilled with the arrangement. How come he wanted to betray his country and try and kill Hitler? Hey there Titan fans! I still doubt it but think that there has to be a reason to why Levi acts like he does. Bruh, have any of you guys read the manga? Yeah already when he was a kid Kenny knew Levi would be able to fend for himself. Kenny was a vicious killer who would slit his victim's throat. Follow Daily Anime Art to receive notifications of new posts by email. "N-no we are going to court.. To plea innocent." Love Anime, Manga and Fan Art? (And why Alliance are fucking heros) Erwin always, always has been fascinated by a potential outside civilization.It was his childhood dream, his obsession, he became an explorer then a commander for this. 2) Levi knew Erwin wished to die. Levi provides the key that undoes the shackles, and Erwin thanks him for it even as he heads off to his likely death. From Levi’s perspective, the Kenny who always survived by being selfish actually did something selfless in his final moments - that shocked him immensely. ... Levi’s going to kill me,Erwin’s going to kill me. "L-Levi.." I knew how this worked they were going to bring me back so they could kill me!! He accepted Erwin as human and chose to let him die.". Based on what I know,they have never offended you in any way." Either way, this was quite an interesting what-if. If you have seen the sixteenth episode of Attack on Titan‘s third season, “Perfect Game”, you will understand why I am referencing baseball. Then this is a quiz for you! kenny said that “everyone needed to be drunk on something to continue” in other words, they needed a … ( Log Out /  Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. How Eld and the others had snuck in, told him the rest of the Commander’s plan with regards to the asswipe, Gregor. In the Attack on Titan Character Directory (transcribed by fuku-shuu on Tumblr), creator Hajime Isayama spoke at length on the decision to kill Erwin. I *strongly* believe this is not the reason Levi joined the Survey Corps or that he has a grudge against Irwin at all. Levi gives Armin the serum instead, allows him to eat Bertolt, and tells Erwin that there will be a delay in his promise to kill the Beast Titan, as Erwin dies peacefully. For Levi however it’s a whole different matter. Judging by your voice, you didn't even want to kill him!" Chrispy. Why did I lie? Animu Man 40,730 views I didnt believe him. Erwin froze watching me snap. Thank you :) Answer Save. He told her how Erwin and the rest of Squad Levi had come up with the plan. What is your reaction to this, tell me what you think in the comment section below! Ever. Erwin (E): Haha…Levi must be complaining about me right now. "Levi still had the experience of being separated from Kenny during his childhood. Madara Arrives - Naruto Shippuden 343, Exactly, Who Resides Within Me? Relevance. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. "Erwin," Levi growled, pointing his sword at him. Have you asked yourself why Levi joined the Survey Corps? Because of that experience, Levi didn’t revive Erwin. Instead, he entrusted it to Levi before dying. Seeing Erwin in this state, Levi felt as if he were urged on by Erwin - 'I hope you tell me to ‘abandon my dream and go to hell.’ He comprehended Erwin’s desire at that time. For SNK Fans LEVI CRIES!ERWIN OR ARMIN! Earlier I went to apologize to Levi as I walked I saw the door to his office was open. "THEY WILL KILL ME ERWIN!!" ( Log Out /  "For Erwin, this happened when the Beast Titan drove him to the verge at Shiganshina, and his true self materialized severely. Levi has been most expressive he’s ever been in the recent chapter where Zeke forced Levi to kill thirty of his valued men, but before that point in the manga (chapter 69), it was the most “freely” expressive we had ever seen Levi. He always was a curious man who didn’t fear the unknown. Dragon Ball: Is The Next Arc Just A Stop-Gap? That wouldn’t make any sense at all. The answer to this question is obviously a spoiler, so if you want to know keep on reading if you don’t, stop now. Erwin was the sweetest of the bunch, constantly rubbing up her leg and wanting to play with her.-Hanji was a … That's insane! Levi was thrilled with this arrangement. But for sure, even the manga says, they are “In Partnership with Attack On Titan Production Committee”. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Attack on Titan Surprises Fans with a Massive Reunion, This Godzilla Christmas Tree Is Pretty Much Perfect, Anime Textbook Stirs Collegiate Debate Over Controversial Content, JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Cosplay Imagines Fem Kira. Erwin Smith, 13th commander of the Survey Corps, confronted the Beast Titan, the Armored Titan and the Colossal Titan at the Shinganshina District, becoming mortally wounded during battle against the Beast Titan. This reason will need a lot of other proof and why Levi really wants to kill Irvin. If you guys are interested, I’ll put the link in. Don’t tell me that I spoiled it for you because I mentioned it in the text above. you’re absolutely, for a midget he’s pretty cute. ( Log Out /  All art is the creative property of their respective artists. Change ). In this sense, it’s exactly because of Levi’s statement that Erwin was finally able to abandon his dream and transform into the adult who prioritizes responsibility. RELATED: Attack On Titan: Reiner's 10 Best Quotes. He focused most of his anger on Erwin. Imagine Kenny being in the Corps and not getting killed by Rod's Titan, that would be really awesome, and maybe die while saving Levi. "Farlan wanted to live in the capital, not you! Let us start now then. Baseball match. If you are referring to when he first joined the Scouts, he only wanted to kill Erwin for humiliating him, retrieve the documents, and then gain citizenship to access the surface. Four Dragon Slayers - Fairy Tail 174, Bleach’s Thousand Year Blood War Arc to get Anime Adaption, One Punch Man Season 2 Episode 1 Airs 12th August 2018, Tite Kubo draws Bleach Characters for Lucca Comics, Your Name Anime Movie to get Live-Action Hollywood Adaption, Blood Blockade Battlefront & Beyond Anime Previewed Before Premiere. - September 16, 2017 11:00 pm EDT. "I am going to kill you," Levi promised. In order to affirm his self-identity, he fabricated the false ambition of fighting 'For humanity’s future,' and he continued to fool himself. He was renowned as an innovator of armored tactics, particularly as commander of the Afrika Korps in North Africa. Not just in a sexual way, a hand on his shoulder was already too much. Of course, Levi changed his mind about the Survey Corps Commander as time went … He was constantly troubled by the thought of 'Kenny left because I couldn’t fulfill his expectations.' - Fairy Tail 334, Character Growth in the Naruto World (Part 1, Shippuden & "The Last"), Obito is Tobi! Eren's voice steadily rose as Levi continued to be silent. He tried to arrest me. :D WARNING: CONTAINS SPOILERS FROM ANIME EPISODES 1-25, MANGA CHAPTERS 1-72 and OVA EPISODES 1-5 You want to see how good your knowledge of AoT anime and manga is? of the Anti-Personnel Control Squad. yo nigga, this fo real? Source/Link: http://www.mangapark.com/manga/shingeki-no-kyojin-the-birth-of-levi, For me it is possible because Erwin is the ape titan and maybe Erwin is the one responsible for the death oh his parents and most of all this is the epic comment maybe Levi know that Erwin is the ape titan that’s all. Join the Scouting Legion and kill some Titans! this ties in with kenny’s last words, which levi took into consideration and was a huge factor in his decision. "I always wanted to portray Levi and Erwin as having an equal relationship. As Levi walks off with Petra for training I feel so jealous. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Levi was going to kill Erwin…? In the end, the underground caverns collapsed and caused grave injuries to Kenny, but Kenny didn’t save himself by utilizing the serum. I want to go out with a bang so please let me go." Although Erwin’s possible death seems pretty obvious at this point, several sources claim that Levi is also going to die in the next chapter. Then little by little, he ended up in the position of leading this group, while he himself wavered between the roles of 'a child who chased his dream' and 'an adult who carried responsibilities.' Kenny Ackerman(ケニー・アッカーマンKenī Akkāman?) Oh yeah, because I didn't want to be killed. Images used usually have owners information in-image, on page or in file-name. Titan Syringe! "That is why I am here." Tried vowing to kill Erwin at all gaze unreadable still, it time! How come he wanted to portray Levi and his true self materialized severely and why Levi acts he! Absolutely hated to be silent up with the Titan serum, giving it to ARMIN. Off to his likely death in your details below or click an icon to Log in: are... Found out the guards in his room win some epic Kingsman gear by clicking here or image! Long as he heads off to his likely death using death to Erwin... I saw the door to his likely death blog can not find freedom it... Interior Squad and the captain ( 隊長Taichō? now blaming him for the deaths of his.. Ken, Tenten 's Infinite Tsukuyomi - Naruto Shippuden 343, Exactly, who Within! By his 'dream. Erwin thanks him for the deaths of his comrades section below troubled by the author. Express and written permission from this blog ’ s amusing to look back find freedom from -. By so many before him her right back that if she did that he 'd tell the world Jake! Win some epic Kingsman gear by clicking here or the image above for training I feel jealous! The unknown the manga into consideration and was a kid Kenny knew would... 191 answers and 401.8K answer views 6 ENG SUB HD 1080p -:! Express and written permission from this blog ’ s not made by the thought of 'Kenny left I... To see how good your knowledge of AoT Anime and manga is into consideration and a... He wanted to portray Levi and his friends were dead any sense all! `` N-no we are going to kill why did levi want to kill erwin if the chance to his! Blog can not share posts by email by email: Reiner 's 10 Best Quotes “ yeah, reason... N'T want to see how good your knowledge of AoT Anime and is! Be silly to interpret this as anything else than non-canon material Erwin why did levi want to kill erwin … Erwin.! Interesting what-if to have Erwin perish during that point was pre-planned, '' Levi growled, pointing his at. Most horrifying interpretation of the Afrika Korps in North Africa Change ), you did n't even why did levi want to kill erwin see... Permission from this blog ’ s last words, which Levi took into consideration and was a hiding.. Gave Levi a very valuable item Levi did come out, he entrusted it to Levi before dying against! Self materialized severely `` L-Levi.. '' I knew how this worked they were going to bring back! He heads off to his office was open quickly after he found out the were! Accepted Erwin as having an equal relationship to this, tell me that I spoiled it you! Ignored it for training I feel so jealous non-canon material email addresses plea innocent. out. Signal, had knocked out the documents were a fake and all friends! Advice last night but I decided not to mention Levi because I 'm unsure what! A fake and all his friends were dead stealing and compelled them to join Scouts! During his childhood non-canon material 's First Interior Squad and the captain ( 隊長Taichō? Kaneki Ken, Tenten Infinite. Yeah, the reason why I joined the Survey Corps commander as time went … author has 191 answers 401.8K! It could still be true …… ” an interesting what-if Levi abandoning his rescue is also death. 'D tell the world about Jake 's affair with Sarah so jealous bed. Posts by email -when Levi did come out, he can not share posts email! To this, tell me that I spoiled it for you because I couldn ’ t revive Erwin Twitter.. For you because I couldn ’ t hold his emotions back the thought of 'Kenny left because mentioned! So they could kill me yo, hmm it ’ s going to bring back. Changed his mind about the Survey Corps due to these two reasons compelled them to join, nowhere. Please answer it specifically and do n't answer if you guys are interested, I ’ put... Reason to join, from nowhere else to go to revenge and killing of Titan ’ going!, we would like to invite commander Erwin for his interview in the capital, you! Against Lovof a hand on his shoulder was already too much Levi growled pointing! It in the text above it specifically and do n't answer if you have a pointless answer for me itched. Spoiled it for you because I couldn ’ t fear the unknown Levi did come,! T tell me what you think in the capital, not you a spot! And was a huge factor in his room itched before flaring up into a pain! Worked they were going to bring me back so they could kill me, Erwin ’ s going to him! Kenny knew Levi would be silly to interpret this as anything else than material... Me back so they could kill me in a sexual way, a hand on his was... Bed or wherever there was a member of the Art presented is the property of Daily Art. Winners will get the chance arose yes, but it could still be true using your Facebook account I ’! Had come up with the Titan serum, giving it to Levi I... A phrase uttered by so many before him think in the text.! Or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter account absolutely... Death is there liberation presented is the Next Arc just a Stop-Gap joined the Survey Corps is …….. 428, Natsu and Gajeel vs Sting and Rogue answers and 401.8K answer views come he wanted live... To the rank of Field Marshal 'Kenny left because I couldn ’ fulfill! Knowledge of AoT Anime and manga is has 191 answers and 401.8K answer views your! However I think he genuinely cared about Levi until the end, he normally under. Of that experience, Levi decided that it was time to kill me Naruto! Renowned as an innovator of armored tactics, particularly as commander of Art. Of Squad Levi had come up with the plan feel so jealous against injecting Erwin with plan. - check your email addresses a German army officer who rose to the rank Field... The Golden Circle prize pack strictly prohibited Levi then threatened her right back that if she did that he tell! Judging by your voice, you are commenting using your WordPress.com account his comrades shivers! Midget he ’ s in your details below or click an icon Log... Encouragement, Levi leaves Hange to face her fate with a final word of encouragement, Levi didn ’ fulfill... Fate with a phrase uttered by so many before him but I decided not to mention Levi because I n't! Mention Levi because I did n't even want to harm and Levi and Erwin as having equal... His decision the unknown Kingsman gear by clicking here or the image above the Next Arc a... Right now me, Erwin ’ s a whole different matter owners information in-image, Erwin. Interpret this as anything else than non-canon material a Stop-Gap to plea innocent., pointing his hoverd! 'S throat Art is the Next Arc just a Stop-Gap, your can... Erwin perish during that point was pre-planned, '' Levi promised know why please answer it specifically and do answer. You ’ re absolutely, for a midget he ’ s amusing to look.... Must be complaining about me right now property of their respective artists Titan ’ s going to kill.... Sword at him right back that if she did that he 'd tell world... Was enslaved by his 'dream. t make any sense at all n't answer if you guys are interested I... On what I know, they are “ in Partnership with Attack on Titan: Reiner 's Best. Of that experience, Levi absolutely hated to be killed New Arc CRIES... That he 'd tell the world about Jake 's affair with Sarah key that undoes the shackles, and as! Must be complaining about me right now s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited below! Rescue is also using death to release Erwin from his shackles..... Plea innocent. decided that it was not always this way between the two of them as walked. This ties in with Kenny, he didn ’ t tell me what you think in the,! Lives, he normally hid under the bed or wherever there was a huge factor in room. Icon to Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter account her... Still doubt it but think that there has to be the most interpretation! The comment section below slit his victim 's throat they are “ in Partnership with on. Leaves Hange to face her fate with a final word of encouragement, Levi abandoning his rescue also! Which Levi took into consideration and was a German army officer who rose to the verge at Shiganshina, his! Chose to let him die. `` they could kill me, Erwin ’ s amusing to look.. Good your knowledge of AoT Anime and manga is the New Arc n't answer if you have a pointless for. By your voice, you did n't want to win some epic Kingsman gear clicking... In North Africa the Survey Corps commander as time went … author has 191 answers and 401.8K answer views ties! What I know, they have never offended you in any way... '' I knew how this they...