Although played in different ways by different cultures this mode preserves a similar sound to a Western minor scale, however, featuring microtonality on the second and sixth degrees. Eight Tone Spanish … suited for Spanish and Jewish music. E is traditionally the home tone for the Hüseyni Mode. Each performance of Arabic classical music is said to be cast in a maqām , whose attributes are a scale consisting of a collection of tones, characteristic motifs to which an improviser or composer consistently returns, and a distinct character perceived by the informed listener. Hungarian Scale … comparable with the Harmonic minor and often used in Indian classical music. There are other tuning systems based on the harmonic overtone series, and "pure" ratios based on whole numbers, and that's about half of what is in this book. You must learn proper fingering to play the C Major Scale. Prometheus Scales … a scale close related to the “Mystic chord”. In contrast, when this degree of the mode is used as a passing note it should be played in the neighborhood of -50 cents. It closely resembles a minor scale in western music, but with a flat second (e.g. Although, of course, with the needs of modern music transposing to other notes to start the mode is common. I found this scale in a book by Yusef Lateef many moons ago. Oriental Scale … a scale common in Chinese music. Whole Tone Scale … belongs to the symmetrical scales and consists only of whole tone intervals. Especially due to the vocal ranges of singers and the different needs of instruments/tunings. See the diagrams below for more details. Although, of course, with the needs of modern music transposing to other notes to start the mode is common. This is entirely dependent upon the melodic development of a particular composition or improvisation, the interpretation of the player and/or the pitch selection amongst instruments playing together. All scales are made with a specific pattern of whole steps (tones) and half steps (semitones). Playing scales is a great way for improving your technique and … See also altered scales. Especially due to the vocal ranges of singers and the different needs of instruments/tunings. Many players interpret these pitches in a multitude of ways depending on their cultural background and artistic subjectivity. PERSIAN: 1-b2-3-4-b5-b6-7 We’ll close things out with the E Persian scale (E-F-G#-A-Bb-C-D3), which gets its dark Middle Eastern vibe from its b5, or tritone, interval. This will be explored in future posts and videos. It is the theory behind that will help you understand chords and other concepts in music. As you may be able to tell already, there are some guidelines and a framework of sorts, but no hard and fast universally defined and unassailable system here. In the Turkish style, this maqam does have a bit of microtonal sensibility (much less so in the Arab style), particularly on the second and sixth degrees, in line with ascending and descending attractions (way up a bit sharper, way down a bit flatter). Also, consider that various cultures and regions interpret and perform pitch differently. Around each of these major regional cultures one can find many satellite musical systems known as national forms. Disclaimer, this is a guide. E is traditionally the home tone for the Sabâ Mode. Especially due to the vocal ranges of singers and needs of different instruments/tunings. Middle East Children’s Alliance 101 8th Street, Suite 100, Berkeley, CA 94710 (510) 548-0542 meca[at]mecaforpeace.org Founded in 1988, the Middle East Children’s Alliance is a registered nonprofit organization working for the rights and well being of children in the Middle East. You can use the same fingering, both up and down the scale, for all of these. *The 6th degree can be played as a C sharp ascending and C natural descending DISCOVERY SERIES: MIDDLE EAST performance features come alive on a KOMPLETE KONTROL S-Series keyboard. Maqām is the principal melodic concept in Middle Eastern musical thought and practice (parallel to īqāʿāt in rhythm). Hi all. Enigmatic Scale … a somewhat obscured scale invented by Giuseppe Verdi. For starters, this mode features microtonality and exhibits certain characteristics that differentiate it substantially from what one hears in Western music. One is similar to the Major Locrian Scale and the other to the Diminished Scale. Here are some cool, exotic scales. Geez Scale … a scale with Ethiopian roots. Rast Ascending (Turkish) The scales … Hijaz Descending (Turkish) E is traditionally the home tone for the Beyati Mode, which is a very common mode in Arabic music. Arabic Scale … this scale is used in Arabic music and is one of two scales … This strange and rather beautiful scale possibly has the biggest claim to be the ‘Arabic Scale’. Fingering is key. East Asian arts - East Asian arts - Music: East Asia can be viewed as one of the big four among the generally urban, literate cultural areas of the world. The Persian scale is a musical scale occasionally found in guitar scale books, along other scales inspired by Middle Eastern music. To Western ears, it is the quintessential “middle-eastern sounding” scale due to its inclusion of a larger than normal (1.5 tone) interval from the second to the third degree (at least, when played in the equal temperament system). It resembles the scale of the Phrygian mode but has a major third. We will explore more advanced maqam concepts in the future. These include harmonic minor, harmonic major, and Phrygian dominant scales. Phrygian-like), although this is not common. Spanish Gypsy Scale … correctly known as Phrygian dominant scale, but is often called Spanish Gypsy (alternatively the Jewish Scale) because of its flavor of flamenco and South East Europe. Kurdi is a popular middle eastern maqam. *The 3rd degree can either be played natural or slightly flat while descending (say around -25). It ends on the next C note. Below, we will show the Kurdi mode starting from the A. In total, the scale has four halftones (see “Formula” below). contact | about | sitemap | policy the Half-tone/Whole-tone Scale). Also called the altered Phrygian scale, dominant flat 2 flat 6 (in jazz), the Freygish scale (also spelled Fraigish ), harmonic dominant, or simply the fifth mode of the harmonic minor scale. Join tens of thousands of musicians using TAQS.IM to explore world music, expand their musical knowledge, and connect with each other. ... which are Middle Eastern musical scales. Nihavend (or Nihavent) is a popular middle eastern maqam. The other three are South Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. See presets at a glance and preview sounds from the Native Browser. Hindu Scale … a scale suitable for improvising in Indian music styles. The Arabic scale has four semitone intervals, including … Some of these scales are known under many names and sometimes there are multiple scales referred to one name. Lydian b7 Scale … a scale also referred to as Acoustic Scale and Overtone Scale. To put it more simply, we tend to think of this phenomenon as more than a scale, but less than a song. Starting with Middle C on the piano’s keyboard, a scale is eight notes, otherwise known as an octave. The Light Guide displays melodic ornamentation keys for the left hand and illuminates the selected scale for the right. Guide to Middle Eastern Modal Music and the World of Makams. D is traditionally the home tone for the Rast Mode. Romanian Minor Scale … great for improvising in a melancholy mood with a twist of traditional Eastern European folk music. Iwato … Japanese pentatonic scale. Rast (Arabic). Hüseyni is a popular middle eastern maqam. Then moving in the direction of further flattening the second degree, in Turkish/Kurdish folk music it will be even more flat (this may vary, but generally speaking), followed by Turkish/Ottoman Classical music where it is at times interpreted as nearly a full quarter-tone, or even the actual quarter tone itself (this may vary, but generally speaking). Pay close attention to different artists and recordings for how these notes are sounded. The 4th degree serves a dominant-type role of importance for this maqam – which has some relation to how Western musicians may refer to “E Hijaz” as an inverted A Minor Harmonic (meaning the notes of the A minor scale, harmonic so G has become G#, and inverted because the tone of the mode is the 5th degree, which is the E note – of course not factoring in microtonality). The maqams (Arabic for position) can be called scales or modes and are common in music from the Middle East and in Turkish Ottoman classical music ("Makam" can be translated to scales or modes in Turkish). In the Turkish musical context, Rast is played in the following scale when ascending the scale (left to right on the piano keyboard). In the Turkish musical context, Hüseyni is played in the following scale when ascending the scale (left to right on the piano keyboard). It features the ability to alter the quarter tones on the front panel of the instrument. Although, of course, with the needs of modern music transposing to other notes to start the mode is common. Figure 27 below shows a scale used in the Middle East. Applying the major scale pattern, you play a scale with no sharps or flats (C major scale), one sharp (G major scale), and one flat (F major scale). Diminished Scale … an octatonic scale built upon two diminished seventh chords. The first thing that you should give attention to in the Algerian scales is the three semi-steps that follow in sequence from note four to seven. For example, it may be helpful to consider a spectrum of pitch possibilities. The many different tribes and cultures have contributed to the music of India. Hüseyni (Modern / Arabic). By definition, exotic scales are not included in the Western music tradition, but this collection also includes scales that in some aspects can be seen as rare and used in experimental rock or modern jazz. *The second degree here is literally the exact half way point between an F natural and an F#. Rast Descending (Turkish) Yo Scale … another Japanese scale. Rast is a popular middle eastern maqam. Beyati. Maqams. Arabic Scales There are actually two different scales referred to as “Arabian”. And to add more layers, many players incorporate techniques such as vibrato on/around microtones to further flavor the pitch. Minor Practice Scales for Beginner Piano. In the Turkish musical context, Rast is played in the following scale when descending the scale (right to left on the piano keyboard). *The 6th degree can be played as a C sharp ascending and C natural descending Egyptian Scale … a five-note scale rooted in Egyptian and Arabic music tradition. Indian music, in its classical form, is a migration and mix of cultures that are of particular interest for the Indian subcontinent. Exploring Modal Music Systems, Aliya Cycon: Oud Player, Singer & Composer, The Beatles, Frank Zappa & Erkan Oğur: Fretless Guitar Innovation, Emad Shakouri: Persian Kanun & World Music, Generally speaking, one half step is equal to 100 “cents”, In the world of what is known today as Turkish maqam music, one half step is equal to 4 commas (or 5 commas – this depends on the concept of “floating” or “indefinite” notes which are based on whether there is ascending or descending inertia involved – this refers to the idea that when ascending through notes to go higher in pitch from note to note, certain notes may be played sharper, and the opposite holds for descending movements), Generally speaking, one whole step is equal to 9 commas, We will provide further comments and clarifications as needed in future postings and content. Both are collectively referred to as Indian music with some slight differences in ornamentation, scale creations and articulati… Although, of course, with the needs of modern music transposing to other notes to start the mode is common. *The C is played as a C sharp in resolving melodic cadence from time to time, and can be considered a leading tone for the intensity which can be desired for a concluding cadence. Piano improvisation with Hirajōshi scale Have you ever dreamt of playing like this? Although, of course, with the needs of modern music transposing to other notes to start the mode is common. For the 6th degree, this can also be played natural. Moreover, the Arab music system of maqam does have the second degree as literally split exactly down the middle as a literal quarter tone. Algerian Scale … this scale is used in music from the Middle East. As such, do not forget that different players may interpret notes differently in their own unique and subjective ways that do not always strictly adhere to any previous systems or philosophies. Phrygian) in terms of its note composition. Augmented Scale … a hexatonic scale, also known as Symmetrical Augmented Scale. We can also say that we have heard certain interpretations of the Hüseyni mode with the 2nd degree played in such a way that it is nearly completely flat (i.e. Melodies that begin or end with the 6th degree of the mode should be played as a C natural note. In the Turkish musical context, Hijaz is generally played in the following scale when descending (right to left on the piano keyboard). Try playing it on your guitar or piano. Sabâ is a common middle eastern maqam, and is a bit more complex. Klezmer music is often composed using folk scales common to the Roma. Hijaz is one of the most common middle eastern maqams. The concept of maqam is on the sophisticated side and involves understanding microtonal sensibilities, mastering melodic development, and building directional improvisational skills (referred to as “taqsim”, which we will cover later as well, and this is where modulating correctly between and among related modes becomes the main headline). E is traditionally the home tone for Hijaz. Put simply, Western music, for the most part, is built on major, minor, and pentatonic scales. E is traditionally the home tone for the Kurdi Mode. Here is a list of some good sources for free downloadable sheet music. Listen and download from Bandcamp. Also, recall that cents are an equal temperament system tool of measurement. These are simplified explanations and visual diagrams to aid in learning about these modes – however makams are meant to be explored in a modal sense with movement and melodic development and most importantly, modulation to other modes. The chorus meets Tuesday evenings from 5-6:30 p.m. in Music Room 1207 (ONLINE only for Fall 2020). It is not really ground-breaking, but within the subgenre of middle-eastern influenced jazz, it's easy to recommend. Because it contains both a major 3rd and a major 7th, the Persian scale serves as an … If you begin with your right thumb on Middle C, play the next two notes (D and E) with your second and third fingers. Piano scales – overviews and instructions. Octatonic Scale … a scale in two versions which both include eight tones. Quarter tone has its roots in the music of the Middle East and more specifically in Persian traditional music. However, the first evidenced proposal of quarter tones, or the quarter-tone scale (24 equal temperament), was made by 19th-century music theorists Heinrich Richter in 1823 and Mikha'il Mishaqah about 1840. The most common scales when playing the piano, are Major and Minor scales. Nihavend (Arabic and Turkish). Here are some cool, exotic scales. or Segâh…? C, G, and F major. Maqam … maqams are groups of modes often played with Middle Eastern instruments. Some of these scales are known under many names and sometimes there are multiple scales referred to one name. See the diagrams below for more details. Arabic Scale … this scale is used in Arabic music and is one of two scales often referred to “Arabic”. See the diagrams below for more details. Especially due to the vocal ranges of singers and the needs of different instruments/tunings. Chinese Scale … learning this scale is a great introduction to Chinese music. Taking a generic “minor” scale, one may observe that in Armenian folk music, the second degree is played ever so slightly flatter than it would otherwise be played in either just intonation or the equal temperament system (this may vary, but generally speaking). Here are three major scales for the left hand. It is characterized by the liberal use of half steps (4), augmented seconds (2), and frequent use of chromaticism.Compare this to the one augmented second of the harmonic minor or the use of only two half-steps in all diatonic scales. For example, there is no real resolving octave dynamic here which one may expect generally from a given scale/mode. The UCSB Middle East Ensemble is looking for singers to join our Middle East Ensemble Chorus! Is it Sikah…? With the scale spelling 1, b2, 3, 4, 5, b6, 7 it is very similar to the Phrygian dominant scale, but with a raised seventh note. They will also get you comfortable with the notes in the minor keys so you can play and improvise more naturally. D is traditionally the home tone for this maqam. Byzantine Scale … an exotic sounding scale also known as Double Harmonic. 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